E. Franklin Frazier (1894-1962)

Frazier-hughes1.jpgEdward Franklin Frazier was born September 24, 1894, in Baltimore, MD. Upon his graduation from Colored High School, Baltimore, he was awarded the school's annual scholarship to Howard University. On graduation from Howard in 1916, Frazier began a teaching career, experiencing high schools in Alabama, Georgia, Virginia, and Maryland. In 1920 Frazier became a research fellow at the New York School of Social Work. From 1921 to 1922, he traveled to Denmark on an American Scandinavian Foundation Fellowship, and on his return, he accepted a position at Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA. The Morehouse position allowed him to combine the teaching of sociology with the direction of the Atlanta School of Social Work. It was during his Morehouse tenure that Frazier began his writings on the Negro family. His controversial publication "The Pathology of Race Prejudice" in Forum forced him to leave Morehouse.

Frazier was a prolific writer, producing some nine books (published in varying translations and editions) and over 100 articles and essays. Between 1951 and 1953, he served with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), traveling to Paris, Africa, and the Middle East. During this period, he continued his writing, focusing on the struggle of people of Africa and African descent to achieve equality, and on religion. His last book The Negro Church in America was published posthumously in 1964.

Frazier died on May 17, 1962. He has been ranked among the top African Americans for his influence of institutions and practices to accept the demands by African Americans for economic, political, and social equality in American life. It is for his work and for his contributions to Howard University that the Howard University School of Social Work has created in his honor the E. Franklin Frazier Research Center.

Source: Thompson, A. (2000, May 24). E. Franklin Frazier. http://www.howard.edu/library/social_work_library/Franklin_Frazier.htm

About the photo: E. Franklin Frazier, third from left, with (from left) Langston Hughes, Charles S. Johnson, Rudolph Fisher, and Hubert T. Delaney in New York, 1924. Regina Andrews Photograph Collection, New York Public Library.